Black Canyon Reservoir

Flows into the Payette River

  • Recommended Fishing Water

Black Canyon Reservoir in Gem County is 1,720.4 acres.

Black Canyon Reservoir is a steep-sided reservoir that has become relatively silt laden especially at the upstream end. Despite these hindrances, good fishing for bass and panfish may still be found. Black Canyon Dam is managed by the USBOR. Additional information including park rules and regulations may be found on their website.


Motor Restriction
Boat Ramp
ADA Access

Recommended Game Fish

Species Observed in Surveys

Fish Stocking Records

Date Species Quantity General Size
7/11/2018 Channel Catfish 1,002 Greater than 6 inches
6/28/2018 Smallmouth Bass 250 Greater than 6 inches
8/17/2012 Channel Catfish 400 Adults
8/16/2012 Channel Catfish 480 Adults
6/28/2012 Channel Catfish 250 Adults
6/6/2012 Channel Catfish 360 Adults
8/5/2011 Channel Catfish 275 Greater than 6 inches
7/19/2011 Channel Catfish 275 Adults
7/18/2011 Channel Catfish 230 Adults
6/28/2011 Channel Catfish 210 Adults
3/20/1989 Rainbow Trout 1,020 Greater than 6 inches
3/15/1988 Rainbow Trout 2,100 Greater than 6 inches
4/16/1987 Rainbow Trout 3,080 Greater than 6 inches
5/13/1986 Rainbow Trout 3,000 Greater than 6 inches
5/17/1985 Rainbow Trout 1,190 Greater than 6 inches
5/14/1985 Rainbow Trout 1,870 Greater than 6 inches
5/24/1984 Rainbow Trout 2,040 Greater than 6 inches
5/17/1983 Rainbow Trout 2,900 Greater than 6 inches
8/6/1982 Rainbow Trout 4,960 Greater than 6 inches
Source: IDFG Fish Stocking Database.

Licenses and Tags

Learn more about IDFG Licenses, Tags & Permits

Fishing Rules

All Waters Open All Year

Except as modified in Special Rules
Fishing is not allowed within the posted upstream and downstream boundary of any fish weir or trap.

Daily Bag Limits

The following daily bag limits apply to all waters within each region except as modified in the Special Rules. The possession limit is 3-times the daily bag limit after the second day of the season.

Special Rules

No Special Rules for Black Canyon Reservoir.
Southwest Region Bag Limits
Bass (Largemouth and Smallmouth)
  • Bass limit is 6, both species combined
  • None under 12 inches
Brook Trout
  • Brook Trout limit is 25
  • Harvest allowed during any open season unless otherwise noted under Special Rules - if gear or bait restrictions are listed, they must be followed when fishing for Brook Trout
Bull Trout
  • Bull Trout limit is 0, catch-and-release
  • Kokanee limit is 6
Salmon (ocean-going)
  • Salmon seasons and limits are set annually by the Idaho Fish and Game Commission and issued in a separate brochure
  • Fishing for or targeting salmon is prohibited unless a salmon season is specifically opened for that water
Steelhead (ocean-going)
  • Defined as Rainbow Trout longer than twenty (20) inches in length in the Salmon River drainage (excluding lakes and Reservoirs). Between Hells Canyon Dam and Oxbow Dam and the Boise River from its mouth upstream to Barber Dam during steelhead seasons, steelhead are Rainbow Trout over twenty (20) inches in length with the adipose fin clipped (as evidenced by a healed scar)
  • Fishing for or targeting steelhead is prohibited unless a steelhead season is specifically opened for that water (see fishing regulations for details)
  • Sturgeon limit is 0, catch-and-release
  • Sturgeon must not be removed from the water and must be released upon landing
  • Barbless hooks and sliding sinkers are required, see fishing regulations for details
Tiger Muskie
  • Tiger Muskie limit is 2, none under 40 inches
Trout includes Brown Trout, Lake Trout, Golden Trout, Arctic Grayling, Cutthroat Trout, Rainbow Trout, land-locked Chinook and Coho Salmon, trout hybrids (e.g. Tiger Trout)
  • Trout limit is 6, all species combined
  • Does not include Bull Trout and Brook Trout which are listed separately
  • Whitefish limit is 25
  • Harvest allowed during any open season unless otherwise noted under Special Rules - if gear or bait restrictions are listed, they must be followed when fishing for whitefish
Protected Nongame Fish includes Pacific Lamprey
  • May not be harvested or possessed
All Other Fish Species includes bullfrogs and crayfish
  • No bag, size or possession limit
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